Since 1996, a memorial in the building of the former Luxembourg-Hollerich railway station has commemorated the deportations from the station to the German Reich, which took place between October 1942 and July 1944.
On May 10, 1940, the German Wehrmacht invaded neutral Luxembourg and occupied the country. Adolf Hitler appointed Gustav Simon, the Gau leader of the Koblenz-Trier region, as the new civil administrator of Luxembourg. The occupiers soon began persecuting the Jews. The first deportation train carrying Jews departed from the station in the Hollerich quarter in October 1941 - it was bound for the Łódź ghetto. Two further transports followed. The remaining Jews were assembled at the former Pafemillen monastery and deported from there. In August 1942, Simon introduced the general conscription of men in Luxembourg - by then, Luxembourg had been incorporated into the German Reich. Although the local population protested against these measures, about 11,200 men were drafted for labour service or into the Wehrmacht in the years that followed. Simon had the demonstrations violently suppressed; the conscripts were subsequently transported from the Hollerich station to the east.
Of the 11,200 Luxembourgers forcibly drafted for the Wehrmacht and labour service, over 2,700 did not return. 3,600 Luxembourgian girls were drafted for labour service; 60 of them perished. Beginning 1942, over 4,100 men, women and children were forcibly resettled from Luxembourg to eastern provinces of Germany, about 73 of them died.
The Deportation Memorial was opened in the former Luxembourg-Hollerich railway station in 1996. The memorial contains a permanent exhibition. A memorial to those deported from Luxembourg was erected close-by.
- Mémorial de la Déportation Gare Hollerich
3 A, rue de la Déportation
1415 Stad Lëtzebuerg
- + 352(0) 2478 819 1
- + 352(0) 2487 304 3
- Monday to Thursday: 9 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. or by appointment. Closed on holidays.
- Memorial, exhibition, film archive and screening room, library