In 1993, members of the »Association of Former Underage Prisoners of Concentration Camps in Germany« established a museum in Petrozavodsk, in which the fate of the prisoners in German concentration camps is documented.
The city of Petrozavodsk, located then in the Soviet Republic of Karelia, was occupied by Finnish troops - who cooperated with Germany against the Soviet Union - between October 1941 and June 1944. During this period, the Finnish authorities transferred at least 2,600 Soviet prisoners of war to the SS security forces and the Gestapo. Among these prisoners were also around 70 Jews. Little is known about their fate. Vadim Misko, 16 years old at the time, was among those deported to Germany where he survived several concentration camps. After the war, he created the »Association of Former Underage Prisoners of Concentration Camps in Germany«.
The museum focuses on underage prisoners of concentration camps in the Third Reich, primarily children and teenagers who were deported from the Soviet Union.
The museum, which was founded in 1993, documents the life story of Maximilian Kolbe. The Polish Franciscan priest was arrested in 1941 and deported to Auschwitz concentration camp. When a fellow prisoner, who was father of a family, was to be murdered in a retributive action, Kolbe volunteered to take his place and was killed with an injection of carbolic acid shortly afterwards. In 1982, Pope John Paul II canonised Kolbe. Thanks to the remainder of the exhibition the museum is considered to be the first Holocaust museum of the Russian Federation.
- Musej pamjati shertwam faschisma imeni Maksemiliana Kolbe
ul. Rigachina 20-A
- +7 814 251 906 2
- Permanent exhibition, library, video library, events